A traveler enjoys a serene moment in a hammock, gazing at Nicaragua's majestic volcanic landscape with lush greenery and exotic wildlife, capturing the essence of adventurous travel in Nicaragua's natural splendor.

Backpacking Nicaragua: An Adventurer’s Guide

Backpacking through a land of lakes and volcanoes, where every twist and turn unravels a new adventure, might be each backpacker’s dream. Nicaragua is a paradise tucked away in Central America, just waiting to be explored.

Imagine waking up to the sound of howler monkeys, spending your day surfing on untouched beaches, and your nights gazing at a sky full of stars. That’s the kind of magic Nicaragua promises.

Tips for Backpacking in Nicaragua

From the sounds of howler monkeys that greet you in the morning to the pristine beaches perfect for surfing, Nicaragua is indeed a paradise that every backpacker must explore.

Accommodation Options

In Nicaragua, accommodation options are plentiful and you’re sure to find something that fits your budget and style. While there are numerous hostels available online, I can’t stress enough the importance of taking a stroll around town. You’ll be surprised at the number of cheap and cozy places not advertised on the internet.

Fancy sleeping in a Treehouse? That’s possible here. Or if you prefer staying with locals and experiencing the authentic Nicaraguan lifestyle, Couchsurfing is also an option.

But let me tell you this. Nothing beats the colonial guesthouses and forest bungalows! They are not only worth every dollar but some even throw in a breakfast which is an absolute delight. Power up with nutrients before you begin on an amazing day of adventure.

Food and Dining

When it comes to food, the nation’s culinary style is distinct. Be prepared to fall for Gallo Pinto, a simple yet delightful dish comprising rice and beans that tends to pop around your plate at any time of the day.

Remember this name: Gallo Pinto.

On one hand, you’ll see trees exploding with ripe avocados. On the other, the local markets offer a wealth of fresh fruit. Imagine your refreshment and nutrition taken care of in the purest form. And of course, there are other delicacies like fried plantains and creamy stews to satiate your taste buds.


The transportation situation is quite relief-filled in Nicaragua compared to its Central American counterparts. Getting around is neither bumpy nor will it burn a hole in your pocket.

Your best bet for the local commute? Chicken buses. These are repurposed American school buses that now serve as local public transport. If they’re packed full, you have the option to get onto Collectivos. These mini-vans are equally convenient for traveling within cities or towns.

But if you’re looking to traverse across the nation, your choices are either a private bus or a private minivan shuttle. Both are comfortable and reliable, offering smooth journeys across Nicaragua’s finest destinations.

Sustainable Travel in Nicaragua

Nicaragua has been acknowledged for its initiative towards sustainable tourism, earning it the title of ‘Sustainable and Responsible Tourism Destination’ in 2017. It’s highly commendable how Nicaragua, as a nation, is embracing programs promoting sustainable tourism. But as travelers, we too have a responsibility.

Nicaragua is a treasure trove of extraordinary natural settings and to ensure it stays as mesmerizing as it is, it’s our responsibility to travel wisely and consciously. So next time you’re backpacking in Nicaragua, remember, that your choices can either enhance this paradise or harm it. And I believe we all want to keep the charm of Nicaragua, the land of lakes and volcanoes, alive.

Safety Tips for Backpacking in Nicaragua

Embarking on a backpacking adventure in Nicaragua is a journey worth taking. Nicaragua is definitively safer than its neighboring countries, Honduras and El Salvador, according to my firsthand experience and other travelers I met on the road. Not once did I feel unsafe during my stay, and in fact, I found the locals to be quite friendly and helpful.

Just as you would in any foreign locale, it’s crucial to exercise ordinary caution. Follow a few simple yet effective precautions to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience:

  • Secure your valuables in your accommodation’s safety deposit box or a secured place.
  • Split up your cash and credit cards. Store them in different places, so you’re never left without a source of money.
  • Avoid solo and nighttime travel in Central America. Travel is best done in daylight and with companions.
  • Stay clear of the capitals and large cities like Managua, where crime rates are typically higher.

While in Nicaragua, be mindful about a few things that could save you from potential troubles:

  • Beware of overzealous tour operators who may try to sell you overpriced excursions. Be polite, decline initially, and haggle the price down if they persist.
  • Since Nicaragua is a relatively poor country, be discrete with your wealth.
  • Avoid unregistered taxis in Managua; instead, have your accommodation arrange one for you.
  • Pay in Nicaraguan Cordoba in places that accept US dollars, to avoid unfavorable exchange rates.
  • Finally, it’s necessary to be cautious about political unrest. It’s usually aimed at the local government, but tourists may inadvertently get caught in between.

So, pack your bags and get ready to explore the diverse landscapes, unique culinary delights, and warm hospitality of Nicaragua.

Nicaragua backpacking itinerary

Getting around while backpacking in Nicaragua is a breeze. It’s mostly because places of interest are close to each other, making it unnecessary to endure long bus rides like in some other Central American countries. I found it super useful that Nicaragua has an extensive network of local buses.

One spot that does require a longer trip is the Corn Islands on Nicaragua’s Caribbean coast, and it’s well worth the journey. Believe me, if you love tropical paradises as I do, this is a must-visit place. But the majority of destinations and activities are nestled along the Pacific side of the country, making them much easier to get to.

Everyone’s journey is different, but allow me to share the itinerary I used during my two-week backpacking trip in Nicaragua:

  • Start in León (2-3 days) – This bustling colonial town is likely to be your first stop if you enter from the north. Zubmerge in its rich culture, see those revolutionary murals and don’t forget to join a free walking tour. Trust me, it’s a great way to get to know the city.
  • Proceed to Las Peñitas (2 days) – A bus ride from León will take you there. It’s the perfect spot to unwind after the hustle and bustle of the city.
  • Reach Granada (2-3 days) – Another bus will transfer you to Granada. The ride was pretty easy and took around 3 hours. Granada’s beautiful architecture and the option to explore the surrounding islands by kayak were truly awesome.
  • Head to Laguna de Apoyo (2 days) – A short half-hour trip from Granada will get you there. The lake is a beauty to behold and a fresh swim in it was quite the treat.
  • Press on to Ometepe (3-4 days) – A few buses and a ferry and you’ll find yourself in this charming island.
  • End in Playa Gigante or Playa Popoyo (2-3 days) – From Granada, it’s a straight bus ride down to the Pacific waves.

That was my 2-week snapshot of my backpacking trip. If you have more time, like 3 weeks, you could easily incorporate places like Somoto Canyon and of course, the Corn Islands.

Places to Visit When Backpacking in Nicaragua


There’s this charm about Granada that just grips you. Sure it’s a tad bit rowdy during the weekends but there’s a sense of safety that just makes you shake your head and join in the merriment. The vibrant colonial architecture, beautiful cathedrals, and the European-like squares feel just right for the wandering soul.

After a quick immersion in the local scene, make your way to Masaya Volcano or take a dip in Laguna de Apoyo. And who could forget a trip to Las Isletas? Overlooking 300 tiny islands, this is an absolute must.


Next on your list should be León, a heritage-infused town that’s stone-free! Brace yourself for the heat though because it touches nearly 36 degrees here! But hey, a little sun never deterred a wanderlust-filled heart, am I right? Or am I right?

Climbing atop the white cathedral is a treat for the eyes and mind. León is a place that’ll make you fall in love with street food and their sweet national drink. There’s also this free walking tour that uncovers the city’s culture and history like no other.

San Juan del Sur

Want to experience the legendary ‘Sunday Funday’? Welcome to San Juan del Sur! This sleepy town effortlessly transcends into a party heaven. But don’t just stay within SJDS; explore the stunning beaches that extend outside and fulfill your heart’s wanderlust.

Trust me – whether you like a quiet time or you’re in the mood to party – Sunday Funday shirts and all – this place is going to steal a piece of your heart.

As the journey continues across different landscapes – Pristine beaches, scenic volcanoes, and the sizzling streets of Nicaragua. I find that it’s in such adventures that we truly discover ourselves.

Must-See Attractions in Nicaragua

Drenched in rich history, endless adventure, cultural encounters, and gorgeous landscapes, Nicaragua is a gem in the heart of Central America. Let’s investigate deeper into the must-visit highlights of this enchanting country.

Colonial Cities

Isn’t it amazing how every city talks a different tale, has a different color, and exudes a distinct vibe? Each colonial city in Nicaragua, whether it’s León, Granada, or San Juan del Sur has its charm. Leon’s street food culture knocked me off my feet, the vibrant colors of Granada kept a giddy smile on my face, while the lively party scene of San Juan del Sur kept the adrenaline pumping. In a country steeped in both chaos and serenity, it’s these contrasts that make visiting these cities a must on your Nicaragua backpacking journey.


Nicaragua carries its love for volcanoes on its sleeves, or let’s say, on its currency. 19 active volcanoes grace the country’s Pacific coast. Be it Masaya, Cerro Negro, or Mombacho, every volcano offers a unique adventure that stirs up a blend of thrill and awe. I didn’t need a guide to tell me that exploring these majestic landforms is one of the most enthralling experiences in Nicaragua.


Every backpacker dreams of basking in the warmth of the brilliant sun on wide, white beaches; an experience that Nicaragua offers abundantly. It’s not just about beaches like Playa Maderas or Pearl Cays, it’s about the untouched beauty that awaits your footprint. It’s a bit hard to get to, but then, aren’t the best things in life worth chasing?


Let’s ride the waves, shall we? Whether you’re a newbie or an experienced surfer, Nicaraguan Pacific Coast beaches won’t leave you disappointed. Paddleboarding, volcano boarding, or surfboarding, you name it; the surfing culture here will pull you into its rhythm. The laid-back surfer hubs like Las Peñitas or Playa Gigante aren’t just places; they are experiences etched in golden sunsets.

Lakes & Rivers

Nicaragua wouldn’t be itself without its mighty lagoons and the vast Lake Cocibolca. The pristine waters of Laguna de Apoyo, the exhilarating adventures on the Ometepe Island, or the vibrant aquatic life of Somoto Canyon, every water body here has a story to share. Trust me, your Nicaraguan journey won’t be complete without savoring a Flor de Caña rum by the still waters after a day of kayaking or swimming.

A traveler enjoys a serene moment in a hammock, gazing at Nicaragua's majestic volcanic landscape with lush greenery and exotic wildlife, capturing the essence of adventurous travel in Nicaragua's natural splendor.
A traveler enjoys a serene moment in a hammock, gazing at Nicaragua’s majestic volcanic landscape with lush greenery and exotic wildlife, capturing the essence of adventurous travel in Nicaragua’s natural splendor.

Key Takeaways

  • Nicaragua is a paradise for backpackers, offering vast landscapes of lakes and volcanoes, untouched beaches, diverse culinary delights, and friendly locals.
  • Accommodation options in Nicaragua range from low-cost hostels and family-run guesthouses to unique options like treehouses, with Couchsurfing service also available.
  • Nicaragua’s cuisine is a combination of simple dishes like Gallo Pinto (rice and beans) and a variety of fresh produce including avocados and fried plantains.
  • Transportation within and between Nicaraguan cities is relatively convenient and economical, with Chicken buses and Collectivos serving as the main local public transport options.
  • Safety measures are crucial when backpacking Nicaragua, including securing valuables, traveling in daylight, avoiding larger cities with high crime rates, and adhering to safety guidelines during political unrest.
  • Recommended places to visit in Nicaragua include Granada, León, San Juan del Sur, and multiple natural destinations like Laguna de Apoyo and Ometepe Island. Longer trips may incorporate destinations like the Corn Islands or Somoto Canyon.
  • Nicaragua is known for its rich history, stunning landscape, and unique cultural encounters, including exploring colonial cities, active volcanoes, pristine beaches, and engaging in recreational activities like surfing, kayaking, and swimming.

Frequently Asked Questions

What makes Nicaragua’s colonial cities popular?

Nicaragua’s colonial cities such as León, Granada, and San Juan del Sur are a significant draw due to their unique experiences. They’re steeped in rich history and culture, with striking colonial architecture, vibrant cuisine, local markets, and friendly locals adding to their charm.

How important are volcanoes to Nicaragua?

With 19 active volcanoes along its Pacific coast, Nicaragua has a close relationship with nature’s marvels. They provide thrilling adventures like volcano boarding and hiking, offering a unique experiential treat for visitors.

What makes the beaches of Nicaragua special?

Nicaragua’s pristine beaches, especially along the Pacific Coast, are renowned for surfing. The unique waves, warm waters, and fewer crowds make them a surfer’s paradise. Besides, the striking sunsets add an extra layer of charm.

Are there any famous lakes or rivers in Nicaragua?

Yes. Laguna de Apoyo and Ometepe Island are two famous water bodies in Nicaragua. Ometepe Island, with its two majestic volcanoes emerging from Lake Nicaragua, and Laguna de Apoyo, a picturesque crater lake, are must-visits for travelers seeking diverse landscapes.

Why should backpackers consider visiting Nicaragua?

Nicaragua offers diverse experiences, from colonial cities and active volcano adventures to pristine beaches and captivating lakes and rivers. Its unspoiled charm, friendly locals, and cheaper costs compared to its neighbors make Nicaragua a top choice for backpackers.

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