Language problems while traveling is part 4 of forever roaming the world’s Long term budget traveling realism’s series.
Wouldn’t it be great, if there were no language problems while traveling? If only you could walk into any country and just speak their language fluently, with no communication problems, no language barriers, nothing lost in translation…Well what if I had the magic answer to this?
No second language…No problem.
Sorry, I actually don’t have a magic answer and although it would great to know more languages fluently; the truth is many of us don’t but that’s not a problem. Over the years I’ve learnt how to cope and get around it.
It was actually a friend of mine who asked me to write this post – He, like myself and so many other backpackers have had language problems while traveling in the past.
So you’re asking; how do you cope and get around it?
Well if you’re standing next to my friend Tom, you step back and laugh as he tries to communicate in his own cartoonish way …He’ll have you rolling around on the floor, It’s hilarious! (He’s a typical Brit abroad.)
But in all seriousness, like I mentioned above, over the years I’ve learnt to cope and get around language problems while traveling, and here’s the thing – It’s not that big of a problem. Sure there are some countries, towns and villages where English isn’t spoken at all and you might struggle a little. Of course English isn’t the first language for many countries, in some it’s not even the second.
However by in large in main cities, and countries adversed to tourism English is widely spoken at some level and recognized as the universal language. Commonly, in many countries street signs, billboards, door signs etc are written in both local language and in English.
For those times when you do get stuck, this is what’s helped me over the years…
Ways to cope and get around language problems while traveling.
There is one massive tool that we have at our disposal that helps us cope with language problems while traveling –
That lovely thing we call the internet!
No, it doesn’t solve all the problems but It’s a huge help when we’re traveling in foreign countries. The internet and the tools it provides us, makes things so much easier. The biggest tool we can call upon is our trusted friend who lives in our phones right there in our pockets…Yes that’s right, google.
Google, well google translate to be precise has helped me out no end in the past, It’s helped me translate words, or helped locals translate words into English so I could understand. It’s even got me out of some sticky situations over the years. Like helping me communicate with an over-zealous highway police officer who spoke no English just outside of Medellin, Colombia. Without google that morning, things could have got a lot worse for me and Tom. (A story for another day but let’s just say that officer didn’t believe we were English, immigration and Bogotá Airport were called and he wasn’t even looking for a bribe.)
Google translate is a great help in so many situations. Perfect for when you don’t know what’s written on your menu, or a door sign, street signs. Or that non-English speaking receptionist at the hostel you don’t understand, when you don’t know what a product is called in the local language, just translate it. You can even just flash your camera over the words and it will translate it for you.
However it is worth remembering while it’s great with translating words, it’s not so good with full sentences. Google translates it word for word in the order you write it, it doesn’t re-construct the sentence in the correct way it should be said in the local language.
Of course it’s not just google, you can download language specific translators and other internet tools to help you along your journey.
Learn a few basic words.
While google and all the apps are a massive help, you should however, make some effort to learn a few basic words. You’re not going to have internet access 100% of the time, in some countries WiFi is very unpredictable and unreliable.
Learning a few basic words like hello, thank you, please, you’re welcome, water, food, a few numbers; things like that can go a long way. Don’t underestimate the power of trying; locals appreciate the effort and are more inclined and open to helping you.
There are some great apps out there where you can learn basics from, like Duallingo, Babbel, memrise, mindsnacks. I used Duallingo to learn basic Spanish, it’s fun to use, quick to learn and gives you simple and useful phrases to. Remember you don’t have to be fluent but learning the basics helps.
Although I’m not a big fan of this, you can carry a good old fashioned phrase book around with you. They are helpful to learn from avoid having language problems while traveling. You can pick up longer phrases, even sentences in the correct way they should be constructed. You can learn if a word if masculine, feminine, when to use that word etc.
Personally I rather keep these books at home or in my hostel if I do ever use them. Why? Because carrying them around, getting them out in public just makes you look like a tourist and in turn a target for petty thieves. And it’s also quite difficult at times to stand there rifling through pages to look for the right words or phrase while you’re trying to speak to somebody.
Saying that, if you have one sitting next to your lonely planet book, pick it up and learn a few phrases.
Body language/miming/hand gestures
You cannot underestimate how big of a help this can be. Sometimes you don’t need words to be able to communicate with somebody. There are times you can make out what somebody is trying to say just by their body language or hand gestures.
There are some universal motions that are known the world over. Hand gestures are easily recognizable like gesturing for a bill in a restaurant, if you have an upset stomach, wanting a drink, etc. However you should make sure which gestures are acceptable – Check out this post 10 gestures misunderstood -Matador network. It’s very useful.
Sometimes you might just have to get a little creative and mimic what you mean, this can be fun or embarrassing depending on how you look at it. We’ve all been there before, no phone or no WiFi to translate, you’re lost for words, you’re both looking at each other with a blank stare so you just try to mimic what you mean….Not that I’ve ever mimicked a chicken or made chicken noises to an old lady at a local street food stall in the middle of nowhere before. * Looks away and whistles*
Moving swiftly onto the next…
People who speak both languages.
Sometimes you might hear a fellow traveler speaking the local language, or a local speaking English. Instead of resorting to mimicking just yet, politely ask if they can help you out. Politeness and your attitude will determine if they want to help you or not. I won’t lie, sometimes you can get cranky, it can get frustrating that the other person doesn’t understand you. And, if you just demand or bark at the other person to help you, it’s not going to go down well.
Also, sometimes you will find locals playing dumb (not that they are, it’s an expression.) What I mean is, they may full well speak English but pretend they don’t. And depending on your attitude you’ll see how they interact with you. Be friendly and they are more likely to open up and speak English back, be rude and they will continue in their native tong.
Writing things down helps.
Before you set out, write a few things down, ask at your hostel if they can help you, right down a few words of phrases you might need that day like ‘Is this bus going to…..’ If you’re heading to a new destination write down an address, or take a screenshot of a route on google maps to make it easier for you. Taxi drivers in some countries will try to scam you if they think you’re a gullible tourist and don’t speak the language. If you have a route you know where you are going and if they deviate you can point it out to them.
Watch and listen.
Sometimes just watching and listening to locals interact with each other is a great way to learn how to communicate with them. Sit in a cafe, on a beach, riverbank, wander the markets and do some people watching. Watch and listen to what they say, what their body language to each other is like, the mannerisms even facial expressions. Take it in, after seeing it a few times you’ll start to recognize what they mean and then you can start using them. If you’re in a restaurant subtly watch and listen to what others order and then see what dish comes out. It’s like a recognition game for your brain.
Long term travelers.
While all the above will help you on your journey, you might want to travel long-term and actually want to learn the language of the country or region you’re traveling in. Below are some things that can prevent having language problems while traveling long-term.
Lot’s of countries offer language classes, some are more comprehensive than others. Do some research, check what level you want to be taught at, the length of time you want to put into it. You can do crash courses, or slow lessons, there are private tutors or you can attend classroom sessions in groups. It’s up to you and at your own pace.
Alternatively you can be the teacher, lots of countries have programs for English teachers, in some countries you don’t even have to be a recognized teacher back home. There are volunteering programs where you can teach English and while you’re teaching English, you’ll learn the local language from the kids and local teachers around you. (For more info check out World teach)
Be around locals.
Make friends with locals, hang around in local places, people watch, take part in a volunteering program or take part in a home-stay. Like with listening and watching you pick up so much from just being around locals. Being around locals, you’re hearing it all around you so you’re more likely to absorb it.
While I lived in Bali, although English is widely spoken, I picked up so much because I was around locals and taxi drivers all the time. I made friends with locals and got them to teach me as I thought them English. It’s a great way to learn a language but also you make new friends too. From being around locals, I learnt the truth about how the children begging on the streets were not homeless, the kids are trained to pick pocket and target unsuspecting tourists. Even taxi drivers I got to know would tell me how they would scam tourists. When you’re not seen as a tourist yourself locals open up and tell you what they feel about tourists. (A post on this coming soon)
Watch movies in local language.
A fellow traveler told me this once and I laughed thinking it was ridiculous, it was only when I was on a night bus in Mexico and a movie came on. It was an old movie I had seen it so many times but I watched it in Spanish for the first time and I picked up so many words and sentences because I knew the movie inside out in English I could put together what they were saying in Spanish.
A local guy I knew in Colombia, he spoke perfect English, I asked him how he learnt English, if it was in school, he told me no, he’s just been watching American movies since he was a kid and learnt from that. I was amazed at his level of English!
The reality is there will be times you will have Language problems while traveling . However in saying that all that’s been mentioned in this post have helped me overcome language problems while traveling and I hope they come in handy for you in the future.
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